packaging and preservation. You must locate this
material in spaces that are least likely to cause its
deterioration. You also must use the coolest and driest
space available for storing the more deteriorative
materials, such as dry cell batteries and rubber products.
To make periodic screening easier, consolidate shelf-life
items in a readily accessible area whenever possible.
AIRCRAFT ENGINES. While stored, an
engine must be in its original container unless
authorized to be stowed on an engine stand/cart. Aircraft
engines are expensive items and require extreme
protection and accountability. In older ships, aircraft
engines are stowed on weather decks or sponsons.
Stowage and issue of aircraft engines to and from the
weather deck area require the use of a crane or hoisting
equipment. Newer ships have bulk stowage areas
assigned in the hangar bay area. Movement of aircraft
engines in the hangar bay area requires a forklift or an
overhead hoist. Regardless of stowage space, you must
always keep aircraft engines and containers secured for
sea. Securing for sea means tying the engines and
containers down to prevent shifting in any direction. To
preserve the condition of an engine, conduct corrosion
preventive maintenance according to the specific engine
manual. The supporting maintenance department
normally conducts the corrosion preventive mainte-
MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENT
To keep the Navy supplied with the volume of
material it requires, many types of handling equipment
was selected to haul, unload, store, and issue material.
You must remember that whether the job at hand is
handling or storing of material, a piece of equipment is
usually available for the job. Also, remember that any
piece of material-handling equipment is only as efficient
as the person operating it.
Throughout your naval career as an AK, your job
may be operating material-handling equipment or
supervising an operation that uses the equipment.
Therefore, you should be familiar with the types of
material-handling equipment commonly used at naval
activities. Storage and Material-Handling, DOD
4145.19-R-1, chapter 4, and Naval Ships Technical
Manual, chapter 572, give detailed information on this
Material handling is the lifting and shifting of
materials up, down, or sideways. In other words, it
means the movement of material other than by a
common carrier. We constantly move material for
processing in receiving, storage, packing, and shipping
areas. In the process of moving material, a piece of
equipment is usually available for the handling of that
When assigned, you can be the material-handling
equipment operator or supervisor of the operation.
Therefore, you must become familiar with the types of
material-handling equipment used in the Navy. The
Navy uses a variety of material-handling equipment.
The following text contains descriptions of the
equipment and information about its use.
NOTE: The information presented here is not a
complete training guide for the use of material-handling
equipment. Its purpose is to give you the basic
knowledge about the equipment. You must get proper
training and licensing before operating any
The forklift truck is probably the most widely used
power-driven piece of material-handling equipment
assigned to the supply department. The purpose of
forklift trucks is to pick up, carry, and stack unit loads
of supplies and equipment.
Equipped with telescopic masts, forklift trucks are
able to lift loads beyond the height of the collapsed mast.
Most trucks have free lift capability. Free lift is the
lifting height of the forks before the inner slides move
upward from the mast and increase the overall height.
Gasoline-powered forklift trucks may have solid
rubber or semisolid tires for use in warehouses. We use
forklift trucks with pneumatic tires for handling material
in outdoor storage areas. Electric-powered trucks have
solid rubber or semisolid tires for indoor operations
Forklift trucks are commonly used for handling
palletized unit loads. They are also used for hauling
boxes or containers equipped with skids and large rigid
containers or packages. Forklift trucks are used aboard
ship, on barges, on piers, in warehouses, in freight
terminals, and on the ground to lift heavy containers. In
unpaved yards or storage areas not covered with hard
surfaces, the trucks must have pneumatic tires to operate
Occasionally, forklift trucks are used in place of
tractors. Forklift trucks are more efficient if used for
elevating palletized loads into storage and for handling
palletized loads between hauling operations. You should
not use forklift trucks for traveling with individual loads
for distances of more than 400 feet. Use tractor trailer
trains if the operation requires travel for greater
distances. When using tractor-trailer trains or other