emergency situations, use of government-owned and
operated motor vehicles may be authorized for distances
beyond 100 miles. Travel of more than 100 miles must
have justification. It maybe for security reasons or when
the use of such vehicles would be in the best interest of
the government. Government vehicles used for
transporting freight with excessive dimensions or
weight require a state permits.
Commercial trucks may be leased for exclusive use
by the Navy or commercial truck lines maybe used for
small shipments within CONUS. The following
paragraphs describes the contract truck (CONTRUCK)
and the Northeast Dedicated Truck System (NDTS),
managed by NAVMTO.
CONTRUCK is a commercially operated system.
Its purpose is to provide fast, over-the-road delivery at
a reduced cost for less than truck load (LTL)
transcontinental Navy shipments. CONTRUCK was
first established to move LTL shipments between the
east and west coasts. It was expanded to include 5 days
per week service between Norfolk, Virginia;
Charleston, South Carolina; and Jacksonville, Florida.
CONTRUCK shipments are combined for movement
and distribution at terminals located in Norfolk,
Charleston, Jacksonville, and San Diego, Long Beach,
and Travis Air Force Base (AFB), California.
Shipments eligible for CONTRUCK are for items
less than 10,000 pounds. Shipments include direct
procurement method shipments of personal property
and unaccompanied baggage. Material classified as
Confidential or pilferable and general commodity cargo
shipments may use CONTRUCK system. Shipments
not eligible for CONTRUCK are class A and B
explosives, material requiring special handling (such as
heater service, electrical connections, refrigerators, or
oversize cargo), and metal products over 10 feet in
length or over 3,000 pounds per piece.
Shipments by Mail
The U.S. Postal Service (USPS) regulation governs
shipments of all mailable material entered into the postal
system, including surface and air parcel post. Mail is the
primary and preferred means of moving material to and
from ships. Mailable material includes official letters or
packages that meet USPS standards according to
weight, size, and physical dimensions. The various
types of special mail services include registered mail,
certified mail, and insured mail. The use of special
delivery or special handling offered by the USPS is not
authorized for use by the Department of the Navy. All
mailable matter in the United States domestic postal
system is classified as first, second, third, or fourth class
mail, and military official mail (MOM). To determine
the class of mail to use for shipping supply parcels, refer
to table 7-2.
Transportation of Mailable Matter
Mail and parcel post matter are transported by
USPS equipment and personnel, and by commercial
land, sea, and air carriers. Therefore, depending on the
class of mail service requested by the shipper, the USPS
uses commercial transportation to move mail between
post offices. Although the use of mail service reduces
shipping documentation costs, material cannot be
expedited while it is in the postal system. Matter that
must be shipped by traceable means must be sent by
Some mail is moved with Army Post Office (APO)
and Fleet Post Office (FPO) priority. Refer to NAVSUP
Publication 1, volume 5, paragraph 52531, for APO and
FPO priorities. The domestic postal system is handled
according to the following priorities:
Airmail: Letter mail, air parcel post, or priority
mail parcels weighing 12 ounces and up. Airmail
applies to international mail only.
First-class: Letter mail and priority mail parcels
weighing 11 ounces and under.
Second-class: Newspapers and periodicals.
Fourth-class: Parcel post.
Ordinary papers and third class.
Unmailable material includes all material that, by
law or regulation, is prohibited from being sent through
the USPS. Examples of unmailable matter are as
. All kinds of poisons, such as caustics, acids, and
. Oxidizing materials or flammable liquids and