The identification of hazard tape shows the hazard
associated with the contents of the line. Tapes used to
show hazards are approximately 1/2-inch wide, with
the abbreviation of the hazard associated with the fluid
in the line printed across the tape. There are four
general classes of hazards found in connection with
· Flammable material (FLAM). The hazard
marking FLAM is used to identify all materials
known as flammables or combustibles.
· Toxic and poisonous materials (TOXIC). A
line identified by the word TOXIC contains
materials that are extremely hazardous to life
· Anesthetics and harmful materials (AAHM).
All materials that produce anesthetic vapors
and all liquid chemicals and compounds that
are hazardous to life and property.
· Physically dangerous materials (PHDAN). A
line that carries material that is asphyxiating in
confined areas or is under a dangerous physical
state of pressure or temperature. For example,
the line shown in figure 12-13 is marked
PHDAN because the compressed air is under a
pressure of 3,000 psi.
Table 12-1.Hazards Associated With Various Fluids and
Air (under pressure)
LPG (liquid petroleum gas)
Oils and greases
Q12-13. What aviation jet fuel is prohibited for use
aboard ship due to its "flash point"?
Q12-14. What is the preferred fire-fighting agent used
to cool an overheated battery in the absence
of flame or fire?
Q12-15. What is the purpose of functional identifica-
AIRCRAFT FIRE-FIGHTING TACTICS
LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Recognize the
various fire-fighting techniques based upon the
existing emergency conditions.
Aircraft fire-fighting, crash, and rescue techniques
are well defined, but no two fire situations will be
identical. Success will continue to depend on training,
planning, leadership, and teamwork by both ship's
personnel, fire parties, and squadron personnel should
take advantage of every opportunity to drill and acquire
knowledge of fixed and mobile fire-fighting equipment
available to them. All personnel should become
familiar with aircraft configuration, fuel load, weapons
load, and fire-fighting techniques of assigned aircraft.
The following text discusses procedures recommended
for training purposes.
ACCESSORY SECTION, COMPRESSOR
COMPARTMENT, OR ENGINE
COMPARTMENT OF JET
FIXED-WING AND ROTARY-WING
When AFFF is used as the fire suppression
agent on an aircraft fire and the agent is directed
at or ingested into the engine or accessory
sections, the fire chief or senior fire official must
notify the maintenance officer of the unit
involved or, in the case of a transient aircraft, the
compartment, or engine compartment of jet aircraft
result from fuel being introduced into the area between
the engine and fuselage, or between the engine and
nacelle on engines carried in pods that come into
contact with the heat generated by the engine. You
must be familiar with these areas to be able to properly
apply extinguishing agents.
(For more information,
refer to NATOPS,
U.S. Navy Aircraft Emergency
Rescue Information Manual, NAVAIR 00-80R-14-1.)