As an Airman, you might be assigned to the
armament branch of an aircraft squadron, the weapons
department of a naval air station, or an aircraft carrier.
Regardless of where you are assigned, you will work
Aviation Ordnancemen (AOs) handle aircraft
pyrotechnics. They also maintain bombs, rockets,
missiles, mines and torpedoes. They maintain the
aircraft weapons releasing and launching equipment
necessary for disbursing such items. AOs are familiar
with the safety precautions for working with such
material. Personnel directly involved in ordnance
handling must be qualified and/or certified according to
the Navy's current qualification/certification program.
You may not be assigned in an area that requires
direct contact with ordnance. You must still be familiar
with the basic characteristics of ordnance and hazards
peculiar to aircraft ordnance.
GENERAL TERMINOLOGY AND
LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Recognize
common terms and definitions associated
with aircraft ordnance.
AOs use special terminology on the job. To
understand this chapter, you should know these terms.
A few of the more common terms and definitions are as
Ordnance. Military material (such as combat
weapons of all kinds) with ammunition and equipment
required for its use. Ordnance includes everything that
makes up a ships or aircraft's armament. This includes
guns, ammunition, and all equipment needed to control,
operate, and support the weapons.
Propellant. The material that provides the energy
for propelling a projectile. Specifically an explosive
charge for propelling a bullet, shell, or the like. It may
also be a fuel, either solid or liquid, for propelling a
rocket or missile.
Pyrotechnics. Ammunition containing composi-
tions that produce illumination. Examples are colored
lights or smoke for marking or signaling, or incendiary
effects of smoke screens.
Ammunition. A device charged with explosives,
propellants, pyrotechnics, initiating composition, or
Bomb-type ammunition. Bomb-type ammunition is
characterized by a large high-explosive charge-to-
weight ratio. Examples are aircraft bombs, mines, and
warheads used in guided missiles and rockets. This
ammunition has destructive blast effect at or near the
loaded devices designed to provide the means of
releasing or harnessing potential cartridge energy to
initiate a function or a special-purpose action. Aircraft
equipment, such as ejection seats, canopy ejection
systems, aircraft bomb racks, and launchers, use CADs.
consists of a variety of items that depend upon a
chemical filling for its effect rather than upon
explosives or shrapnel. An explosive or ignition
element must activate this ammunition.
Inert ordnance. Actual size ammunition items with
working mechanisms used for training exercises but
having no explosive materials.
Guided missile. An unmanned vehicle designed as
a weapon that travels above the surface of the earth.
This vehicle follows a course or trajectory that is guided
by an automatic or remotely controlled mechanism
within the vehicle.
Incendiary. A chemical used to ignite combustible
Practice/training ammunition. An ammunition
item that looks and acts just like the service item. It may
be a modification of a service (tactical) item or
something designed specifically for practice. Used in
training associated with all types of ordnance. Practice
ammunition may either be expendable or recoverable,
depending upon the device involved.