contacts the deck and comes to a complete stop. If the
aircraft is not arrested, it continues toward the end of
the angled deck. The pilot must again enter the traffic
pattern for another approach. (This is referred to as a
After an aircraft has engaged a cross-deck pendant
(cable) and comes to a complete stop, the gear puller, a
director assigned to direct aircraft from the landing
area, gives the signal to either raise the hook or to pull
the aircraft backwards. This allows the gear puller to
have sufficient slack on the cross-deck pendant so he
can safely raise the tailhook. In the event the tailhook
cannot be raised, the crash and salvage crew may either
free the cable or manually raise the hook. The hook
runner acts as a safety check and displays the
emergency hold signal directed to the arresting gear
When the aircraft is free of the cross-deck pendant,
the director taxies the aircraft clear of the landing area;
the deck is then readied for another landing. An
alternating red and white striped line that runs the
length of the flight deck, known as the foul line or safe
parking line, separates this area from the rest of the
deck. The fly one director then taxies the aircraft to a
position so the nose of the aircraft is pointed over the
side, and then stops the aircraft.
The director then ensures that the area directly in
front of the aircraft is clear of personnel and of other
aircraft. He/she then turns the aircraft over to the
ordnance crew for disarming. He/she displays a hold
signal to the pilot with one hand and points to the
ordnance director with the other. Once the disarming is
accomplished, the V-1 director then directs the aircraft
for parking or to be spotted.
Most carriers have a basic spotting order. This
spotting order varies from carrier to carrier to suit the
flight-deck layout. After the aircraft is spotted,
chocked, and secured, the plane captain takes over from
the pilot. The plane captain stays with the aircraft until
it is parked in its final spot.
Certain aircraft must be spotted in a specific
location to permit servicing, loading of ammunition,
starting, fueling, maintenance, and so forth. For certain
large aircraft, the spotting location must not interfere
with the movement of other aircraft or launching or
recovery operations. This process is repeated until all
aircraft have landed.
After all aircraft have landed, the flight deck is
respotted by the handling crews for the next launch.
Tow tractors are used to move the aircraft around the
flight deck when taxiing cannot be done. When the
maintenance is completed, the carrier is again ready to
launch aircraft. The entire procedure from launch to
landing and respotting takes about 90 minutes.
EMERGENCY RECOVERY EQUIPMENT
Barricades (fig. 10-3) are that part of the emergency
recovery equipment used for the emergency arrestment
(stopping) of an aircraft that cannot make a normal
(pendant) arrested landing. Barricades are used when
aircraft have battle damage, tailhook failure, or some
other mechanical failure. The barricade has expandable
nylon webbing that is stretched across the flight deck
between port and starboard stanchions, which include
ramp plates and deck cables.
During the aircraft arrestment, when the aircraft
contacts the barricade, the wings engage the nylon
webbing, which transmits the arresting force to the
barricade engine below deck and stops the aircraft
The V-1 division works in conjunction with the V-2
division in the initial preparations of the barricade.
They set down the deck plates and ensure that they are
locked in place, pull out the webbing, and direct all
hands in this process.
Q10-3. What division is responsible for handling
aircraft on the flight deck?
Q10-4. What is the purpose of a "FOD walkdown"?
Q10-5. What is the alternating red and white striped
line that runs the length of the flight deck
Q10-6. What is the purpose of a barricade?
AIRCRAFT HANDLING SIGNALS
LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Recognize air-
craft handling signals aboard ship.