Secretary of Defense lifted the ban on
combat flights for women and allows assignments on
combat vessels. U.S. Naval surface and air forces
maintain a vigilant presence in the Persian Gulf in
support the United Nations Security Counsels "No-Fly"
zone over Iraq.
1994. The first of many "female" naval aviators
successfully pass fleet carrier qualifications in combat
aircraft. The USS Eisenhower becomes the first combat
ship to receive permanently assigned women.
1995. The first female Naval Aviator goes into
space, and the F-117A
operational. The entire U.S. Armed Services has
regionalized and downsized, and U.S. forces maintain
support for operations in Bosnia and other areas of the
world. New technology and the national interest will
determine the future of the Navy, and Naval Aviation
will always have a major role.
The Navy purchased its first aircraft from
what company on what date?
Who was the first Naval Aviator to fly into
What year did the Secretary of Defense lift the
band allowing women into combat roles?
THE AIRMAN RATE
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: Identify the
growth of the Airman rate from the beginning
of the rate to the present day. Identify the
aviation general ratings and those general
ratings that include service ratings, and
Recognize the general principles of good
leadership as they apply to the Airman.
During the early years of naval aviation, enlisted
personnel came from similar surface ratings in the
Navy. The first requirement was for aircraft mechanics.
Personnel came from the Machinist's Mate rating and
became Machinist's Mate (Aviation). Later, this rating
became the Aviation Machinist's Mate (AMM) rating.
Special training was necessary during World War
II. These specialties became part of a basic rating.
There were several specialties that became part of the
Aviation Machinist's Mate (AMM) rating.
In 1948, there was a major change in the aviation
rating structure. The Airman rate came into being. The
titles and/or initials of some aviation ratings changed.
For example, the initials for the Aviation Machinist's
Mate rating changed from AMM to AD. The specialties
moved to the basic AD rating or other basic ratings. The
letter D in the Aviation Machinist's Mate initials (AD)
Mechanic (AM). Personnel in the AMMC, AMMF,
AMMP, and AMMT specialties became ADs.
The AMMHs became a part of the Aviation Struc-
tural Mechanic (AM) rating. The AMMIs became a part
of the Aviation Electrician's Mate (AE) rating. Many
other titles and changes to ratings occurred at that time.
New ratings were established after 1948. They are
the Aviation Maintenance Administrationman, Avia-
tion Support Equipment Technician, Aviation Antisub-
marine Warfare Operator, and Aviation Antisubmarine
Warfare Technician. In 1958, additional E-8 and E-9
paygrades (senior and master chief) were established.
During this period, the title of the Airman rate has
not changed. The advancement of aviation has caused
requirements will continue to change in the future. You
can find the requirements for all ratings in the Manual
A basic knowledge of the duties and skills of the
Airman rate is necessary. You can obtain this
knowledge either at a service school or by experience
The general aviation ratings identify personnel
from paygrades E-4 through E-9. Exceptions do exist
where a general rating begins and/or ends at other
paygrades. An example of a general rating that does not
have any service ratings is the Aviation Ordnanceman
(AO) rating. An example of a general rating that begins
at paygrade E-6 instead of E-4 is the Aviation Support
Equipment Technician (AS) rating.
The aviation service ratings, subdivisions of a
general rating, require specialized training within that
general rating. For example, the Aviation Boatswain's
Mate (AB) rating has three service ratings (ABE)
(ABF) and (ABH). The Aviation Structural Mechanic
(AM) rating has three service ratings (AME) (AMH)
and (AMS). These service ratings begin at paygrade
The aviation ratings career progression paths are
shown in figure 1-4.