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Department of Transportation Explosive Hazard Classifications - 14023_360

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instructions in NAVSEA OP 2165 cover the preparation, flow, and use of all the documents required to ship, receive, and report shipments. Instructions for the use of ordnance transport equipment, materials to be transported, division of responsibility for carrying out inspections, and criteria for accepting or rejecting equip- ment are also contained in this publication. NAVSEA OP 2165 contains the general information needed for you to efficiently, safely, and economically perform the duties required when shipping ordnance materials. Department of Transportation Explosive Hazard Classifications The Department of Transportation (DOT) has established explosive hazard classifications for ammunition and explosives in shipment. DOT defines explosives as any chemical compound, mixture, or device whose primary or common purpose is to function by explosion. Explosives includes, but are not limited to, individual land mines, demolition charges, blocks of explosives (dynamite, TNT, C-4, and other high explosives), and other explosives (gun powder, nitroguanidine) that have a total weight of 10 pounds or more. All naval explosives fall within three explosive hazard classifications-Class A, Class B, and Class C. These classifications are discussed in the following paragraphs. CLASS A.— Class A explosives are chemical compounds, mixtures, or devices (mass detonating, spark initiated, or shock sensitive) that constitute a maximum shipping hazard; for example, black powder, explosive warheads, nitroguanidine, and nitrosoguanidine. CLASS B.— Class B explosives function by rapid combustion rather than by detonation for example, rocket ammunition without projectiles, special fireworks, and starter cartridges for jet engines. CLASS C.— Class C explosive devices contain Class A or Class B explosives, or both, but in restricted quantities. They also have certain types of fireworks. Examples of Class C devices are electric squibs, explosive bolts, common fireworks, and small arms ammunition. NOTE: Remember, these explosive hazard classifications apply to ammunition and explosives during shipment only. They do not apply to the storage classifications discussed earlier in this chapter. Explosives Driver An explosive driver is often an AO with an excellent safe driving record, and a person fully qualified according to Motor Vehicle’s Driver’s Handbook Ammunition, Explosives, and Hazardous Materials, NAVSEA OP 2239. To become a qualified explosives driver, you must meet the qualifications described below. If you meet these qualifications, you are certified to drive motor vehicles that transport hazardous materials (HM). STATE OPERATOR’S LICENSE.— An explosives driver must hold a valid state operator’s license, not necessarily issued by the state in which the activity is located. This applies to operation of vehicles both on- and off-station. This requirement is permanently waived for those personnel stationed REVIEW NUMBER 3 ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS Q1. THROUGH Q5. A1. The two types of primary lightning protection systems acceptable to NAVSEASYSCOM are the sequentially mounted lightning system and the separately mounted overhead ground (aerial shield) wire system. A2. Lightning masts are connected to a buried primary girdle. A3. For specific requirements about the physical security of naval magazines, you should refer to 0PNAVINST 5530.13. A4. Magazine inspections are conducted only during daylight hours. A5. The information recorded on the magazine inspection log above the signature of the person conducting the inspection includes the date and hour of each inspection as well as abnormal or substandard conditions of the magazines, or the word “Normal” if conditions were satisfactory. 12-22



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