ELASTOMERAny of various elastic sub-
stances resembling rubber.
EMERGENCY KIT, PAWCHUTEA
standard soft pack, high-speed soft pack, special
kit or rigid seat survival kit containing a raft and
survival equipment needed by an aircrewman in
case of emergency.
END OUT (MISSING END)A warp yarn
missing for a portion of, or the entire length of,
ENSUREMake certain that necessary mea-
sures are taken.
EXAMINETo inspect closely, and to test
the condition of an item.
EXPLOSIVE MIXTUREAny mixture of a
combustible material or substance and oxygen
capable of violent burning (detonation) either
spontaneously or with the external application of
EYEA small, steel-wire loop; for example,
the loops attached to the parachute container, into
which a hook on a container spring opening band
EYELETA small metal reinforcement for
a hole in cloth, similar to a grommet, except
thinner and smaller, and having no washer. The
eyelet is used to reinforce lacing holes in small
FAbbreviation for Fahrenheit.
FAKETo fold a line, rope, cord, or hawser
a back-and-forth fashion.
FASTENER, DIRECTIONALA snap
fastener that can be engaged or released only in
FASTENER, NONDIRECTIONALA snap
fastener that can be engaged or released by
applying pressure or pull from any angle.
FASTENER, SLIDEA type of fastener
made of two lengths of tape with a series of metal
or plastic scoops fastened to one side of each. A
metal slide is provided that causes the scoops to
mesh or lock in place as the fastener is closed, or
to separate as the fastener is opened. Colloquial
FELTA cloth made from wool, fur, hair,
synthetic fiber, or a mixture of these with cotton.
It is made by matting the fibers together under
pressure and heat.
FERRULEA cap or ring used to finish the
end of a housing; for example, the finished ends
of a ripcord housing.
FIBERA natural or synthetic filament (as
of wool, cotton, rayon, etc.) capable of being
spun into yarn.
FIDA small, flat hand tool of metal
or wood used during the packing process to
straighten end flaps and to insert corner flaps into
a finished pack.
FILLINGThreads that are perpendicular to
selvage edges, and extend across the width of
FITTING ASSEMBLY, DISCONNECTA
releasing device used on the LW-3B parachute
assembly, which detaches both the static line
and the ripcord assembly from the container side
panel after either has effected opening of the
FITTING, CANOPY QUICK-RELEASEA
device that connects the canopy and risers
to the harness, permitting the aircrewman to
disengage himself, on instant response, from the
FITTING, OVERRIDE DISCONNECTA
directional fitting used on the NB-11, NES-12,
and NES-16 parachute assemblies that connects
the external pilot parachute and the pilot
FITTING, QUICK-RELEASEA device
used to connect and release on instant response.
See also FITTING, CANOPY QUICK-
FITTING, SWAGEA connection, adapter,
or pin that is fastened to a cable by pressure. It
is applied by means of a machine that compresses
the fitting, causing it to tightly grip the cable or
wire to which it is being attached.
FLAMMABLE MATERIALAny material
capable of being easily ignited and of burning with