Describe the Tool Control Program.
List several good tool work habits.
What are inspection mirrors used for?
CARE OF HAND TOOLS
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: List several
principles that apply to the care of hand tools.
Tools are expensive; tools are vital equipment.
When the need for their use arises, common sense plus
usefulness. The following precautions for the care of
tools should be observed:
Clean tools after each use. Oily, dirty, and greasy
tools are slippery and dangerous to use.
NEVER hammer with a wrench.
NEVER leave tools scattered about. When they
are not in use, stow them neatly on racks or in
Apply a light film of oil after cleaning to prevent
rust on tools.
INVENTORY tools after use to prevent loss.
List several principles that apply to the care
of hand tools.
PERSONAL SAFETY EQUIPMENT
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: Identify the
types of personal safety equipment.
To protect you from danger, protective equipment
such as safety shoes, goggles, hard hats, and gloves are
issued. The use of this equipment is mandatory on
certain jobs. Their use is a MUST, and there is no
question about that. Be sure to USE THEM on any job
WHERE they are REQUIRED. They can protect you
from a lot of harm.
Some safety shoes are designed to limit damage to
your toes from falling objects. A steel plate is placed in
the toe area of such shoes so that your toes are not
crushed if an object impacts there.
Other safety shoes are designed for use where
danger from sparking could cause an explosion. Such
danger is minimized by elimination of all metallic nails
and eyelets and by the use of soles that do not cause
Proper eye protection is of the utmost importance
for all personnel. Eye protection is necessary because
of hazards posed by infrared and ultraviolet radiation,
or by flying objects such as sparks, globules of molten
metal, or chipped concrete and wood. These hazards
are ever-present during welding, cutting, soldering,
chipping, grinding, and a variety of other operations. It
is IMPERATIVE for you to use eye protection devices,
such as helmets, face shields, and goggles (fig. 1-1),
during eye-hazard operations.
Appropriate use of goggles will limit eye hazards.
Some goggles have plastic lenses that resist shattering
upon impact. Others are designed to limit harmful
infrared and ultraviolet radiation from arcs or flames by
use of appropriate filter lenses.
Remember, eye damage can be excruciatingly
painful. PROTECT YOUR EYES.
Use gloves whenever you are required to handle
rough, scaly, or splintery objects. Special flameproof
gloves are designed for gas and electric-arc welding to
limit danger and damage from sparks and other hot
flying objects (fig. 1-2). Personnel in the electrical
fields are usually required to wear insulating rubber
Be sure to follow all regulations prescribed for the
use of gloves. Gloves must not be worn around rotating
machinery unless sharp or rough material is being
handled. If such is the case, EXTREME CARE
SHOULD BE EXERCISED to prevent the gloves from
being caught in the machinery.
SAFETY BELTS AND STRAPS
The safety strap and body belt shown in figure 1-3
are what might be called your extra hands when you
work aloft. The body belt, strapped around your waist,
contains various pockets for small tools. The safety
strap is a leather or neoprene-impregnated nylon belt
with a tongue-type buckle at each end. While you are
climbing you will have the safety strap hanging by both
ends from the left ring (called a D-ring because of its