valve and opening the stripping main suction cutout
valve (relock the manifold valves).
3. Align the piping from the flood and drain man-
ifold to the suction side of the motor-driven stripping
4. Align the motor-driven stripping pump dis-
charge piping to pump into the contaminated settling
tank or overboard (with the commanding officers per-
5. Open required valve on the single-valved strip-
6. Start the stripping pumps, and strip each tank
one at a time until they are completely empty of all
7. Secure the flood and drain manifold and close
all valves in the single-valved manifold.
By use of the motor-driven stripping system, strip
all storage tanks that are to be used in both the receiving
operation and the internal transfer operation before
receiving JP-5 aboard. Verify all stripping operations
were successful by sounding the tanks, using water-in-
Strip the slack (partially filled) service tanks, us-
ing the hand-operated stripping system.
Ships planning to replenish in port MUST
deballast tanks before entering port.
Top off all slack service tanks. This will allow a
longer settling time for the JP-5 being received. Con-
solidate the fuel load by transferring from slack stor-
age tanks to completely fill as many tanks as possible.
This will reduce the number of tanks to be filled and
will minimize the number of tanks affected if con-
taminated fuel is received.
When fuel is to be transferred internally or
received aboard, the overflow tank for every
nest of tanks scheduled to receive fuel must be
empty before fuel can be introduced into any
tank in that nest.
Before receiving fuel, the JP-5 below decks su-
pervisor should have soundings or readings taken on
all storage and service tanks. A statement showing the
amount and location of all JP-5 on board must be
submitted to the V-4 division officer. It is the respon-
sibility of the JP-5 below decks supervisor to know
how much fuel is on board, where it is located, how
much more can be received, the order in which the
tanks should be filled, and the approximate duration
of the receiving operation.
To determine the amount of JP-5 to be received,
add the total capacity in gallons of each empty storage
tank plus the amount required to top off any slack
tanks. In determining the filling sequence, allow for a
minimum of six tanks (three port and three starboard)
on the line at all times. Knowing in advance the order
in which the tanks will be filled will assist in the
assignment of sounding teams, manifold operators,
and the overboard discharge observers.
Three factors are involved in determining the du-
ration of the receiving operation: the amount to be
received (previously determined), the maximum re-
ceiving rate of the particular ship, and the normal
pumping rate of the tanker. The latter two can be
gained through experience and information recorded
in the receiving log. But, if this is the first experience
with the tanker, the pumping rate can be obtained in
advance via radio messages to the tanker.
A fueling watch list should be posted at least 24
hours before the refueling operation. In addition to the
posted list, each man should be informed of his station
and instructed in his duties. During the instruction
period, emphasis should be placed on safety, emer-
gency breakaway procedures, and other possible haz-
ards. Assign only experienced and capable personnel
to actually perform the duties. Limit the number of
trainees, especially at the filling connections. Too
many people at this station are not helpful and may
confuse the operation by getting in the way. When-
ever possible, rotate experienced personnel to other
stations. This not only will give the individual the
broadest training possible, but also will produce a
more flexible division.
As a rule, fueling stations should be manned 1
hour before fueling time. The refueling stations to be
manned and their locations are as follows:
1. Below decks office. This is where the below
decks supervisor will coordinate the onload of fuel.