to the separator body. The mixture then passes
Steam Separator/Water Reservoir
through an orifice within the inlet connection,
which causes it to increase in velocity as it enters
The steam separator/water reservoir (fig. 7-31)
the separator. Because of the angle of entrance,
is vertically mounted to the base adjacent to the
increased speed, and a helical device within the
boiler. It has a steam drum or flash chamber with
separator, the mixture acquires a rotary motion.
a cyclone centrifugal steam separator, a dry pipe,
Due to the rotary motion of the mixture,
and steam baffles. Steam separation takes place
centrifugal force separates the water from the
in the top of the unit, with the steam being
steam. The water, being heavier, is thrown to the
discharged into the dry pipe connected to the top
sides while the lighter steam remains in the center.
of the separator and the water being discharged
An internal baffle further deflects steam to the
into the lower part.
center and water to the sides. The steam then rises
In operation, a mixture of steam and water
through a scrubber element, which causes the
is discharged from the boiler into the steam
steam to change flow direction several times with
separator inlet connection, which is at a tangent
Figure 7-31.--Steam separator/water reservoir.