READING THE VERNIER SCALE ON A
MICROMETER.Many times you are required to
work to exceptionally precise dimensions. Under these
conditions it is better to use a micrometer that is
accurate to ten-thousandths of an inch. This degree of
accuracy is obtained by the addition of a vernier scale.
The vernier scale of a micrometer (fig. 2-26)
furnishes the fine readings between the lines on the
thimble rather than requiring you to estimate the
reading. The 10 spaces on the vernier are equivalent to 9
spaces on the thimble. Therefore, each unit on the
vernier scale is equal to 0.0009 inch, and the difference
between the sizes of the units on each scale is 0.0001
When a line on the thimble scale does not coincide
with the horizontal reference line on the sleeve, you can
determine the additional spaces beyond the readable
thimble mark by finding which vernier mark matches
up with a line on the thimble scale. Add this number, as
that many ten-thousandths of an inch, to the original
reading. In figure 2-27 see how the second line on the
vernier scale matches up with a line on the thimble
This means that the 0.011 mark on the thimble
beyond the horizontal sleeve line. When you add
0.200 + 0.075 + 0.011 + 0.0002, or 0.2862, as shown.
The inside micrometer, as the name implies, is used
for measuring inside dimensions, such as pump casing
wearing rings, cylinder, bearing, and bushing wear.
Inside micrometers usually come in a set that includes a
micrometer head, various length spindles (or extension
rods) that are interchangeable, and a spacing collar that
is 0.500 inch in length. The spindles (or extension rods)
usually graduate in 1-inch increments of range; for
example, 1 to 2 inches, 2 to 3 inches (fig. 2-28).
The 0.500 spacing piece is used between the
spindle and the micrometer head so the range of the
micrometer can be extended. A knurled extension
handle is usually furnished for obtaining measurements
in hard-to-reach locations.
Reading the inside micrometer. To read the inside
micrometer, read the micrometer head exactly as you
would an outside micrometer, then add the micrometer
reading to the rod length (including spacing collar,
when installed) to obtain the total measurement.
The depth micrometer is used to measure the
precise depths of holes, grooves, and recesses by using
interchangeable rods to accommodate different depth
measurements (fig. 2-21). When using a depth
micrometer, you must make sure the base of the
micrometer has a flat, smooth surface to rest on and that
it is held firmly in place to ensure an accurate
measurement (fig. 2-29).
Figure 2-26.Vernier scale of a micrometer.
Figure 2-27.Reading a vernier scale micrometer.