**BITSAT Syllabus 2020:** An important part of the preparation for BITSAT includes awareness of **BITSAT 2020 Syllabus**. Candidates must make sure that they have a thorough understanding of the *Syllabus for BITSAT 2020*. This will help them schedule their study routine efficiently. Candidates who will be applying for BITSAT 2020 for B.Tech Courses will have to prepare Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics/ Biology, and English. This article will provide essential information about the topics that need to read and prepared for the BITSAT 2020 Examination. Further, check **BITSAT Exam Syllabus 2020** for different subjects below.

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## BITSAT Physics Syllabus 2020

### Units & Measurement

- Units (Different systems of units, SI units, fundamental and derived units)
- Dimensional Analysis
- Precision and significant figures
- Fundamental measurements in Physics (Vernier calipers, screw gauge, Physical balance, etc.)

### Kinematics

- Properties of vectors
- Position, velocity and acceleration vectors
- Motion with constant acceleration
- Projectile motion
- Uniform circular motion
- Relative motion

### Newton’s Laws of Motion

- Newton’s laws (free body diagram, resolution of forces)
- Motion on an inclined plane
- Motion of blocks with pulley systems
- Circular motion – centripetal force
- Inertial and non-inertial frames

### Impulse and Momentum

- Definition of impulse and momentum
- Conservation of momentum
- Collisions
- Momentum of a system of particles XII
- Center of mass

### Work and Energy

- Work done by a force
- Kinetic energy and work-energy theorem
- Power
- Conservative forces and potential energy
- Conservation of mechanical energy

### Rotational Motion

- Description of rotation (angular displacement, angular velocity, and angular acceleration)
- Rotational motion with constant angular acceleration
- Moment of inertia, Parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, rotational kinetic energy
- Torque and angular momentum
- Conservation of angular momentum
- Rolling motion

### Gravitation

- Newton’s law of gravitation
- Gravitational potential energy, Escape velocity
- Motion of planets – Kepler’s laws, satellite motion

### Mechanics of Solids and Fluids

- Elasticity
- Pressure, density, and Archimedes’ principle
- Viscosity and Surface Tension
- Bernoulli’s theorem

### Oscillations

- Kinematics of simple harmonic motion
- Spring mass system, simple and compound pendulum
- Forced & damped oscillations, resonance

### Waves

- Progressive sinusoidal waves
- Standing waves in strings and pipes
- Superposition of waves, beats
- Doppler Effect

### Heat and Thermodynamics

- Kinetic theory of gases
- Thermal equilibrium and temperature
- Specific heat, Heat Transfer – Conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity, Newton’s law of cooling XIII
- Work, heat and first law of thermodynamics
- 2nd law of thermodynamics, Carnot engine – Efficiency and Coefficient of performance

### Electrostatics

- Coulomb’s law
- Electric field (discrete and continuous charge distributions)
- Electrostatic potential and Electrostatic potential energy
- Gauss’ law and its applications
- Electric dipole
- Capacitance and dielectrics (parallel plate capacitor, capacitors in series and parallel)

### Current Electricity

- Ohm’s law, Joule heating
- D.C circuits – Resistors and cells in series and parallel, Kirchoff’s laws, potentiometer and Wheatstone bridge
- Electrical Resistance (Resistivity, origin and temperature dependence of resistivity).

### Magnetic Effect of Current

- Biot-Savart’s law and its applications
- Ampere’s law and its applications
- Lorentz force, the force on current-carrying conductors in a magnetic field
- Magnetic moment of a current loop, torque on a current loop, Galvanometer and its conversion to voltmeter and ammeter

### Electromagnetic Induction

- Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law, eddy currents
- Self and mutual inductance
- Transformers and generators
- Alternating current (peak and RMS value)
- AC circuits, LCR circuits

### Optics

- Laws of reflection and refraction
- Lenses and mirrors
- Optical instruments – telescope and microscope
- Interference – Huygen’s principle, Young’s double-slit experiment
- Interference in thin films
- Diffraction due to a single slit
- Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (only qualitative ideas), Electromagnetic spectrum
- Polarization – states of polarization, Malus’ law, Brewster’s law

### Modern Physics

- Dual nature of light and matter – Photoelectric effect, De Broglie wavelength
- Atomic models – Rutherford’s experiment, Bohr’s atomic model XIV
- Hydrogen atom spectrum
- Radioactivity
- Nuclear reactions: Fission and fusion, binding energy

### Electronic Devices

- Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors;
- Semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator.
- Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator
- Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR); Transistor as a switch.

## BITSAT Chemistry Syllabus 2020

### States of Matter

- Measurement: Physical quantities and SI units, Dimensional analysis, Precision, Significant figures.
- Chemical reactions: Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory; Mole concept; Atomic, molecular and molar masses; Percentage composition empirical & molecular formula; Balanced chemical equations & stoichiometry
- Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points Gaseous state: Gas Laws, ideal behavior, ideal gas equation, empirical derivation of gas equation, Avogadro number, Deviation from ideal behaviour – Critical temperature, Liquefaction of gases, van der Waals equation.
- Liquid state: Vapour pressure, surface tension, viscosity.
- Solid-state

### Atomic Structure

- Introduction: Subatomic particles; Atomic number, isotopes and isobars, Thompson’s model and its limitations, Rutherford’s picture of atom and its limitations; Hydrogen atom spectrum and Bohr model and its limitations.
- Quantum mechanics: Wave-particle duality – de Broglie relation, Uncertainty principle; Hydrogen atom: Quantum numbers and wavefunctions, atomic orbitals and their shapes (s, p, and d), Spin quantum number.
- Many electron atoms: Pauli exclusion principle; Aufbau principle and the electronic configuration of atoms, Hund’s rule.
- Periodicity: Brief history of the development of periodic tables Periodic law and the modern periodic table; Types of elements: s, p, d, and f blocks

### Chemical Bonding & Molecular Structure

- Valence electrons, Ionic Bond: Lattice Energy and Born-Haber cycle; Covalent character of ionic bonds and polar character of the covalent bond, bond parameters
- Molecular Structure: Lewis picture & resonance structures, VSEPR model & molecular shapes
- Covalent Bond: Valence Bond Theory- Orbital overlap, Directionality of bonds & hybridization (s, p & d orbitals only), Resonance; Molecular orbital theory- Methodology, Orbital energy level diagram, Bond order, Magnetic properties for homonuclear diatomic species (qualitative idea only).
- Dipole moments; Hydrogen Bond.

### Thermodynamics

- Basic Concepts: Systems and surroundings; State functions; Intensive & Extensive Properties; Zeroth Law and Temperature
- First Law of Thermodynamics: Work, internal energy, heat, enthalpy, heat capacities and specific heats, measurements of ∆U and ∆H, Enthalpies of formation, phase transformation, ionization, electron gain; Thermochemistry; Hess’s Law, Enthalpy of bond dissociation, combustion, atomization, sublimation, solution and dilution
- Second Law: Spontaneous and reversible processes; entropy; Gibbs free energy related to spontaneity and non-spontaneity, non-mechanical work; Standard free energies of formation, free energy change, and chemical equilibrium
- Third Law: Introduction

### Physical and Chemical Equilibria

- Concentration Units: Mole Fraction, Molarity, and Molality
- Solutions: Solubility of solids and gases in liquids, Vapour Pressure, Raoult’s law, Relative lowering of vapor pressure, depression in freezing point; elevation in boiling point; osmotic pressure, determination of molecular mass; solid solutions, abnormal molecular mass, van’t Hoff factor. Equilibrium: Dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass action
- Physical Equilibrium: Equilibria involving physical changes (solid-liquid, liquid-gas, solid-gas), Surface chemistry, Adsorption, Physical and Chemical adsorption, Langmuir Isotherm, Colloids and emulsion, classification, preparation, uses.
- Chemical Equilibria: Equilibrium constants (KP, KC), Factors affecting equilibrium, LeChatelier’s principle.
- Ionic Equilibria: Strong and Weak electrolytes, Acids and Bases (Arrhenius, Lewis, Lowry and Bronsted) and their dissociation; degree of ionization, Ionization of Water; ionization of polybasic acids, pH; Buffer solutions; Henderson equation, Acid-base titrations; Hydrolysis; Solubility Product of Sparingly Soluble Salts; Common Ion Effect.
- Factors Affecting Equilibria: Concentration, Temperature, Pressure, Catalysts, Significance of DG and DG0 in Chemical Equilibria.

### Electrochemistry

- Redox Reactions: Oxidation-reduction reactions (electron transfer concept); Oxidation number; Balancing of redox reactions; Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Standard electrode potentials; EMF of Galvanic cells; Nernst equation; Factors affecting the electrode potential; Gibbs energy change and cell potential; Secondary cells; dry cells, Fuel cells; Corrosion and its prevention.
- Electrolytic Conduction: Electrolytic Conductance; Specific and molar conductivities; variations of conductivity with concentration, Kolhrausch’s Law and its application, Electrolysis, XVI Faraday’s laws of electrolysis; Electrode potential and electrolysis, Commercial production of the chemicals, NaOH, Na, Al.

### Chemical Kinetics

- Aspects of Kinetics: Rate and Rate expression of a reaction; Rate constant; Order and molecularity of the reaction; Integrated rate expressions and half-life for zero and first-order reactions.
- Factor Affecting the Rate of the Reactions: Concentration of the reactants, catalyst; size of particles, Temperature dependence of rate constant concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment); Activation energy.
- Surface Chemistry

### Hydrogen and S-Block Elements

- Hydrogen: Element: unique position in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes; Dihydrogen: preparation, properties, reactions, and uses; Molecular, saline, ionic, covalent, interstitial hydrides; Water: Properties; Structure and aggregation of water molecules; Heavy water; Hydrogen peroxide: preparation, reaction, structure & use, Hydrogen as a fuel.
- s-block elements: Abundance and occurrence; Anomalous properties of the first element in each group; diagonal relationships; trends in the variation of properties (ionization energy, atomic & ionic radii).
- Alkali metals: Lithium, sodium and potassium: occurrence, extraction, reactivity, and electrode potentials; Biological importance; Reactions with oxygen, hydrogen, halogens water; Basic nature of oxides and hydroxides; Halides; Properties and uses of compounds such as NaCl, Na2CO3, NaHCO3, NaOH, KCl, and KOH.
- Alkaline earth metals: Magnesium and calcium: Occurrence, extraction, reactivity and electrode potentials; Reactions with O2, H2O, H2 and halogens; Solubility and thermal stability of oxo salts; Biological importance of Ca and Mg; Preparation, properties and uses of important compounds such as CaO, Ca(OH)2, plaster of Paris, MgSO4, MgCl2, CaCO3, and CaSO4.

### S, P, D, & F Block Elements

- General: Abundance, distribution, physical and chemical properties, isolation and uses of elements; Trends in chemical reactivity of elements of a group; electronic configuration, oxidation states; anomalous properties of the first element of each group.

### Principles of Organic Chemistry and Hydrocarbons

- Classification; Electronic displacement in a covalent bond; Alkanes; Alkenes and alkynes; Aromatic hydrocarbons; Haloalkanes and haloarenes.

### Stereochemistry

- Conformations: Ethane conformations; Newman and Sawhorse projections.
- Geometrical isomerism in alkenes

### Organic Compounds with Functional Groups Containing Oxygen and Nitrogen

- General
- Specific

### Biological, Industrial and Environmental Chemistry

- Carbohydrates; Proteins; Nucleic Acids; Nucleic Acids; Vitamins; Polymer; Pollution; Chemicals in medicine, health-care and food.

### Theoretical Principles of Experimental Chemistry

- Volumetric Analysis; Qualitative analysis of Inorganic Salts; Purification Method; Qualitative Analysis of Organic Compounds; Principles of Organic Chemistry Experiments; Basic Laboratory Technique.

## BITSAT Mathematics Syllabus 2020

### Algebra

Complex numbers, addition, multiplication, conjugation, polar representation, properties of modulus and principal argument, triangle inequality, roots of complex numbers, geometric interpretations; Fundamental theorem of algebra.

### Trigonometry

- Measurement of angles in radians and degrees, positive and negative angles, trigonometric ratios, functions with their graphs and identities.
- The solution of trigonometric equations.
- Inverse trigonometric functions

### Two-dimensional Coordinate Geometry

- Cartesian coordinates, distance between two points, section formulae, shift of origin.
- Straight lines and pair of straight lines: Equation of straight lines in various forms, angle between two lines, distance of a point from a line, lines through the point of intersection of two given lines, equation of the bisector of the angle between two lines, concurrent lines.
- Circles: Equation of circle in standard form, parametric equations of a circle.
- Conic sections: parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola their eccentricity, directrices & foci.

### Three-dimensional Coordinate Geometry

- Co-ordinate axes and co-ordinate planes, distance between two points, section formula, direction cosines and direction ratios, equation of a straight line in space and skew lines.
- Angle between two lines whose direction ratios are given, shortest distance between two lines.
- Equation of a plane, distance of a point from a plane, condition for coplanarity of three lines, angles between two planes, angle between a line and a plane.

### Differential calculus

- Domain and range of a real valued function, Limits and Continuity of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, Differentiability.
- Derivative of different types of functions (polynomial, rational, trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic, implicit functions), derivative of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, chain rule, parametric form.
- Geometric interpretation of derivative, Tangents and Normals.
- Increasing and decreasing functions, Maxima and minima of a function.
- Rolle’s Theorem, Mean Value Theorem and Intermediate Value Theorem.

### Integral calculus

- Integration as the inverse process of differentiation, indefinite integrals of standard functions.
- Methods of integration: Integration by substitution, Integration by parts, integration by partial fractions, and integration by trigonometric identities.
- Definite integrals and their properties, Fundamental Theorem of Integral Calculus, applications in finding areas under simple curves.
- Application of definite integrals to the determination of areas of regions bounded by simple curves.

### Ordinary Differential Equations

- Order and degree of a differential equation, formulation of a differential equation whole general solution is given, variables separable method.
- Solution of homogeneous differential equations of the first order and first degree
- Linear first-order differential equations

### Probability

- Various terminology in probability, axiomatic and other approaches of probability, addition and multiplication rules of probability.
- Conditional probability, total probability and Baye’s theorem
- Independent events
- Discrete random variables and distributions with mean and variance.

### Vectors

- Direction ratio/cosines of vectors, the addition of vectors, scalar multiplication, position vector of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio.
- Dot and cross products of two vectors, projection of a vector on a line.
- Scalar triple products and their geometrical interpretations.

### Statistics

- Measures of dispersion
- Analysis of frequency distributions with equal means but different variances

### Linear Programming

- Various terminology and formulation of linear Programming
- A solution of linear Programming using graphical method, feasible and infeasible regions, feasible and infeasible solutions, optimal feasible solutions (up to three non-trivial constraints)

### Mathematical Modelling

- Formulation of a simple real-life problem, solution using matrices, calculus, and linear programming.

## BITSAT Biology Syllabus 2020

### Diversity in Living World

- Biology – its meaning and relevance to mankind
- What is living; Taxonomic categories and aids; Systematics and Binomial system of nomenclature.
- Introductory classification of living organisms (Two-kingdom system, Five-kingdom system);
- Plant kingdom – Salient features of major groups (Algae to Angiosperms);
- Animal kingdom – Salient features of Nonchordates up to phylum, and Chordates up to class level.

### Cell: The Unit of Life; Structure and Function

- Cell wall; Cell membrane; Endomembrane system (ER, Golgi apparatus/Dictyosome, Lysosomes, Vacuoles); Mitochondria; Plastids; Ribosomes; Cytoskeleton; Cilia and Flagella; Centrosome and Centriole; Nucleus; Microbodies.
- Structural differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic, and between plant and animal cells.
- Cell cycle (various phases); Mitosis; Meiosis.
- Biomolecules – Structure and function of Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, and Nucleic acids.
- Enzymes – Chemical nature, types, properties and mechanism of action.

### Genetics and Evolution

- Mendelian inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Gene interaction; Incomplete dominance; Co-dominance; Complementary genes; Multiple alleles;
- Linkage and Crossing over; Inheritance patterns of hemophilia and blood groups in humans.
- DNA –its organization and replication; Transcription and Translation;
- Gene expression and regulation; DNA fingerprinting.
- Theories and evidence of evolution, including modern Darwinism.

### Structure and Function – Plants

- Morphology of a flowering plant; Tissues and tissue systems in plants; Anatomy and function of root, stem (including modifications), leaf, inflorescence, flower (including position and arrangement of different whorls, placentation), fruit and seed; Types of fruit; Secondary growth;
- Absorption and movement of water (including diffusion, osmosis and water relations of cell) and of nutrients; Translocation of food; Transpiration and gaseous exchange; Mechanism of stomatal movement.

### Structure and Function – Animals

- Human Physiology – Digestive system – organs, digestion and absorption; Respiratory system – organs, breathing and exchange and transport of gases.
- Body fluids and circulation – Blood, lymph, double circulation, regulation of cardiac activity; Hypertension, Coronary artery diseases.
- Excretion system – Urine formation, regulation of kidney function
- Locomotion and movement – Skeletal system, joints, muscles, types of movement.
- Control and co-ordination – Central and peripheral nervous systems, structure and function of a neuron, reflex action, and sensory reception; Role of various types of endocrine glands; Mechanism of hormone action.

### Reproduction, Growth, and Movement in Plants

- Asexual methods of reproduction;
- Sexual Reproduction – Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination (Types and agents); Fertilization; Development of embryo, endosperm, seed and fruit (including parthenocarpy and elminth). XXIV
- Growth and Movement – Growth phases; Types of growth regulators and their role in seed dormancy, germination and movement;
- Apical dominance; Senescence; Abscission; Photo- periodism; Vernalisation;
- Various types of movements.

### Reproduction and Development in Humans

- Male and female reproductive systems;
- Menstrual cycle; Gamete production; Fertilisation; Implantation;
- Embryo development;
- Pregnancy and parturition;
- Birth control and contraception.

### Ecology and Environment

- Meaning of ecology, environment, habitat, and niche.
- Ecological levels of organization (organism to biosphere); Characteristics of Species, Population, Biotic Community and Ecosystem; Succession and Climax. Ecosystem – Biotic and abiotic components; Ecological pyramids; Food chain and Food web;
- Energy flow; Major types of ecosystems including agroecosystem.
- Ecological adaptations – Structural and physiological features in plants and animals of aquatic and desert habitats.

### Biology and Human Welfare

- Animal husbandry – Livestock, Poultry, Fisheries; Major animal diseases and their control. Pathogens of major communicable diseases of humans caused by fungi, bacteria, viruses, protozoans, and helminths, and their control.
- Cancer; AIDS.
- Adolescence and drug/alcohol abuse;
- Basic concepts of immunology.
- Plant Breeding and Tissue Culture in crop improvement

### Biotechnology and its Applications

- Microbes as ideal system for biotechnology;
- Microbial technology in food processing, industrial production (alcohol, acids, enzymes, antibiotics), sewage treatment and energy generation.
- Steps in recombinant DNA technology – restriction enzymes, NA insertion by vectors and other methods, regeneration of recombinants

## BITSAT Syllabus 2020 – English and Logical Reasoning

### English Proficiency

**1. Grammar**

- 1.1 Agreement, Time and Tense, Parallel construction, Relative pronouns
- 1.2 Determiners, Prepositions, Modals, Adjectives
- 1.3 Voice, Transformation
- 1.4 Question tags, Phrasal verbs

**2. Vocabulary**

- 2.1 Synonyms, Antonyms, Odd Word, One Word, Jumbled letters, Homophones, Spelling
- 2.2 Contextual meaning.
- 2.3 Analogy

**3. Reading Comprehension**

- 3.1 Content/ ideas
- 3.2 Vocabulary
- 3.3 Referents
- 3.4 Idioms/ Phrases
- 3.5 Reconstruction (rewording)

**4. Composition**

- 4.1 Rearrangement
- 4.2 Paragraph Unity
- 4.3 Linkers/Connectives

### Logical Reasoning

**5. Verbal Reasoning**

**6. Nonverbal Reasoning**

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