CLASSIFIED MATERIAL CONTROL
The system of classifying and handling information
and equipment is designed to prevent a potential or
present enemy from using our own developments
against us. The security classification of equipment or
correspondence is assigned on the basis of the potential
damage that could result if the information were
available to foreign nationals. Handling and storage are
also affected in that the higher classifications require
progressively more protection.
AKs are often assigned to billets that require access
to classified information and equipment and should,
therefore, be prepared to handle them in strict
accordance with the security regulations.
The objective of this section is to develop an
awareness of security requirements regarding classified
material and equipment. The latest edition of
OPNAVINST 5510.1, Department of the Navy
Information and Personnel Security Program
Regulation, should be consulted for current security
requirements and regulations. Local command or area
requirements may be more specific or expand beyond
Navywide requirements to meet local situations and
should also be considered.
The Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) is
responsible to the Secretary of the Navy (SECNAV) for
all policies relating to the maintenance of the security of
all classified information within the Naval
Establishment. Because of the close relationship of
counterintelligence and the preservation of security, the
Director of Naval Intelligence (DNI) has been
designated as the officer primarily responsible to the
CNO for the protection of classified information.
Therefore, the Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI)
formulates and distributes Navy policy that relates to the
security of all classified information.
Commanding officers are directly responsible for
safeguarding all classified information within their
commands and are responsible for instructing their
personnel in security practices and procedures.
The objective of the orders and instructions that
appear in OPNAVINST 5510.1 is to establish a
coordinated policy for the security of all information
that has been classified in the interest of national
Information that requires administrative protection
for reasons other than the interests of national defense
is not considered as classified information and is not to
be treated as such.
The Security Principle
The Department of Defense employs a security
formula that is simple in principle. It is based on the
theory of circulation controlthe control of the
dissemination of classified information. Therefore,
knowledge or possession of classified information is
permitted only to those who actually require it in the
performance of their duties, and then only after they
have been granted the appropriate security clearances.
The principle is generally referred to as a need to
Classified information is official information that
requires protection in the interest of national defense and
that is classified for such purpose by responsible
classifying authority. Classified material is any matter,
document, product, or substance on which classified
information is recorded or embodied.
The three categories of classification are Top Secret,
Secret, and Confidential. The definitions of these
categories are covered extensive] y in Basic Military
NAVEDTRA 12043, and the
Department of the Navy Information and Personnel
Security Program Regulation, OPNAVINST 5510.1.
Marking Classified Matter
When it is determined that information or material
should be assigned a classification, such information
must be conspicuously marked as described in
OPNAVINST 5510.1, chapter 9.
Classified material not in actual use or under direct
personal observation must be stowed in the manner
prescribed in chapter 5 of OPNAVINST 5510.1. This
publication outlines the physical security standards and
requirements that serve as a uniform guide for
determining the type and degree of protection for
classified material. These standards and requirements
are designed to provide for flexibility as well as
adequacy in the physical security program.